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Periodical article Periodical article ASC Leiden catalogue ASC Leiden catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The question of becoming: Islamic reform movements in contemporary Ethiopia.
Author:Østebø, Terje
Year:2008
Periodical:Journal of Religion in Africa
Volume:38
Issue:4
Pages:416-446
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:Islamic movements
interreligious relations
ethnicity
Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157006608X323559
Abstract:Facilitated by a new (since 1991) political climate, enhancing Muslim opportunities for religious expression, several Islamic reform movements have surfaced in Ethiopia. Under consideration here are the Salafi movement, the Tabligh movement and an Intellectualist revivalist movement, each of which was crucial for the reconfiguration of religious affiliation, and served as a channel in the search for belonging and coherent meaning. Discussing the movements' sociocultural composition and their particular features, this paper pays attention to how issues of locality interact with translocal ideological currents and affect one another. Of particular interest in the Ethiopian case is the explicit avoidance of any political agenda, a distinct intermarriage with a discourse on ethnicity, where the latter has contributed to complex processes of constructing and demarcating religious and ethnic-based boundaries. The paper thus demonstrates the complex interrelationship between global currents and local factors, all contributing to the heterogenization of contemporary Islam. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]