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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue
Title:Islam in and out: cosmopolitan patriotism and xenophobia among Muslims in Côte d'Ivoire
Author:Miran-Guyon, MarieISNI
Year:2016
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute (ISSN 1750-0184)
Volume:86
Issue:3
Pages:447-471
Language:English
Geographic term:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
Subjects:Islam
interreligious relations
Link:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0001972016000334
Abstract:The nativist ideology of ivoirité of the 1990s generated brutal discriminatory policies against those labelled as 'strangers', especially Muslims. Reversing that perspective, this article focuses on the interface between religion and national identity in twentieth-century Côte d'Ivoire from within Muslim society. The argument is divided into two parts. The first puts forward the counter-hegemonic, patrioticcum-cosmopolitan narratives that a new Muslim leadership formulated in order to write Islam into national history. The second focuses on grass-roots, demotic, day-to-day realities. It explores Muslim takes on belonging and alienation in practice, paying careful attention to the community's internal diversity. It shows how, over time, Ivorian Muslims have showcased varying degrees of cosmopolitan patriotism but also of their own, local xenophobia. The concluding section returns to the new Muslim leadership and its multifaceted endeavours to reconcile Muslim lived experiences with their cosmopolitan patriotic aspirations. The article ends with a short epilogue surveying the violent armed conflicts of the period 2002 to 2011 and how Muslims were a part of them. Bibliogr., notes, ref., summary in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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