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Conference paper Conference paper Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Desertification control and renewable resource management in the Sahelian and Sudanian zones of West Africa
Editors:Falloux, FrançoisISNI
Mukendi, Aleki
Series:World Bank technical paper
City of publisher:Washington, DC
Publisher:The World Bank
Geographic terms:West Africa
natural resource management
conference papers (form)
Abstract:Compendium of papers presented at the 'Workshop on desertification control and renewable resource management', Oslo, Norway, June 1986. The workshop's main objective was to develop workable guidelines for addressing the problem of resource depletion in the Sahelian and Sudanian zones of West Africa. Major policy areas covered include land tenure, water management, household energy use, production systems and migration. The contributors describe how existing control and incentive schemes can be modified to encourage the establishment of sustainable resource management in those areas, and define the political, institutional and economic responsibilities involved. The section on land tenure, for example, advocates simplified land laws, enhanced security of tenure, and greater popular participation in land administration. The prescription for the household energy sector is aimed at reducing urban demand for firewood, by introducing alternative fuels, increasing fuelwood prices, and creating an efficient system of taxation to combat the current depletion of forest resources. The migration strategy outlined attempts to strike a balance between spontaneous, but badly organized, migration and slow and costly State-sponsored migration schemes. A recurring theme is that smaller organizational units (village or pastoral associations), for which a tradition exists in Africa, are better equipped - psychologically, physically and legally - to manage their own resources.