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Title:Rural agricultural activities and resource utilisation in Mmathubudkwane during a period of drought
Author:Arntzen, JaapISNI
Series:Research notes
City of publisher:Gaborone
Publisher:National Institute of Development Research and Documentation, University of Botswana
Geographic term:Botswana
agricultural workers
rural households
Abstract:This report contains the results of a survey in east Kgatleng, Botswana. The objectives of the survey are twofold. Firstly, to acquire insight into resources utilization by rural households with particular emphasis on the effects of the 1983 drought. Secondly, to provide district authorities with some baseline data for the implementation of their policies. A summary including conclusions and recommendations, precedes the actual report. From a literature survey, a list of possible effects of drought on households is derived (chapter 2). A brief description of the study area deals with demographic, environmental and economic factors. It shows the simultaneous involvement of most households in a variety of income-generating activities (agriculture and non-agriculture). It also provides a socioeconomic stratification of households which is used in subsequent chapters on crop and livestock production to explain differences in opportunities and benefits. Chapter 4 deals with various aspects of crop production (land utilization, production techniques, yields, economic and environmental problems). Chapter 5 deals with various aspects of livestock production (cattle distribution, herd development and management, access to environmental residues, drought). The final chapter highlights the importance of the non-agricultural sector for rural households (formal and informal sector). Furthermore, it reports on people's perception of the effectiveness of various government policies.