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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Indigenization, Class Formation and Class Struggle in Nigeria: An Analysis
Author:Asobie, H. Assisi
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:class formation
class relations
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Abstract:This paper examines the impact of the indigenization policy, as embodied in the Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Decrees (1972-1981), on class formation and class struggles in Nigeria. The indigenization process has resulted in an increased participation of Nigerians in the economic life of the country, especially in the commercial sector. A small group of production-oriented, nationalistic, industrial capitalists and 'gentlemen' farmers has emerged in the 1970s. Indigenization has therefore contributed to the formation of a Nigerian capitalist class. With respect to the political struggle, the effect of the indigenization policy has been to shift its focus. From a struggle among the petty bourgeoisie for the control of State power, achieved in collaboration with the metropolitan bourgeoisie and through the manipulation of the proletariat and the peasants, it has moved to a struggle between the comprador bourgeoisie, consisting of middlemen whose interests are linked to foreign capital, and the emergent national bourgeoisie, consisting of industrialists and capitalist farmers. Notes, ref., sum. in French.