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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:General trends of income distribution in Africa
Author:Dobrska, Z.
Periodical:Africana Bulletin
Geographic term:Africa
Subject:income distribution
Abstract:In comparison with other regions of the Third World, empirical data on the income stratification in Africa are extremely scarce. The most comprehensive and recent statistical data on income distribution in Africa can be found in the ILO Report of 1984. In this survey a table is presented on income distribution among households in 14 African countries. The table is based on the Gini coefficient, which measures diversification of household incomes ranging from 0 when equality is greatest to 1 when the distribution is most unequal. Several interesting hypotheses can be derived, notably on the relationship between income inequalities and the level of per capita income. It is shown that S. Kuznets' hypothesis (1955), that income distribution inequalities in a society change with stages of development, is not corroborated by the evidence. Attention is further paid to factors which, within a foreseeable future, may influence the pattern of income stratification in Africa. Notes, ref.