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Title:Folk knowledge of fish among the Songola and the Bwari: comparative ethnoichthyology of the Lualaba River and Lake Tanganyika
Author:Ankei, Yuji
Periodical:African Study Monographs: Supplementary Issue
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
plant names
Abstract:On the basis of a field survey carried out in 1979-1980 and 1983 near Kindu and Baraka, Kivu region, Za´re, the author describes the folk knowledge of fish in the two areas, as well as identifying 100 species from the Lualaba River and 97 from Lake Tanganyika. Songola fishermen (Enya subgroup) along the Lualaba River have 108 vernacular names and 12 inclusive folk categories of fish, consisting of six levels of categorization. There are 18 series of 'growth fish' fish which have two to four different vernacular names according to their life-cycle stages. Bwari fishermen of northern Lake Tanganyika have a simpler system of folk classification, with 79 vernacular fish names and 4 inclusive folk categories, consisting of three levels. There are 8 'growth fishes'. The differences in the folk classification systems may be explained by differences in the composition of the fish fauna of the two areas. A comparison of the fish names among 15 peoples of Central Africa suggested that fish nomenclatures of Bantu societies have little similarity between independent water systems. App., bibliogr., notes.