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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Gondar in the Early Twentieth Century: A Preliminary Investigation of a 1930/31 Census
Author:Zewde, Bahru
Periodical:Journal of Ethiopian Studies
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:urban society
population composition
History and Exploration
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Abstract:One of the manuscripts brought to Paris by the Griaule mission, officially known as Mission Dakar-Djibouti (1931-1933) and deposited at the Bibliothèque Nationale is a census of the town of Gondär (Ethiopia) taken in 1930/1931. Not much is known in detail about the acquisition of the document, except that it was copied from the original. The census is a household rather than a head count, and the heads of the households are listed by parish. A total of 37 parishes are listed, each parish list usually beginning with the name of the 'aläqa'. The names of the individuals registered in each parish are entered in a column on the left, their occupations on the right. Firearms in the possession of individuals are indicated, including their type and provenance. The author discusses the census in its historical context with regard to the administrative institutions of Gondär, as well as its bearing on provincial taxation. The document forms perhaps the most reliable basis to arrive at an estimate of the town's population in the early 20th century, and to assess its occupational profile. Notes, ref.