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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The ruling group in Ghana (1957-1978)
Author:Szulc-Dabrowiecka, E.
Periodical:Afryka, Azja, Ameryka Lacinska: studia i materialy
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:political conditions
political elite
Abstract:The author analyses the evolution of the ruling group in Ghana using the approach of P. Dutkiewicz, 'The ruling group in the structure of power and property ownership in developing countries' (Warsaw, 1984). During the period 1957-1960 the ruling elite in Ghana was formed. It did not seek support from important social groups but applied several political measures to neutralize them. The foreign sector remained the main source of elite financing and enjoyed important privileges. The expansion of the public sector which took place in the years 1960-1966 can be seen as the formation of the economic base for the emerging ruling group. The controlling role of the State was also reinforced. An apparent reduction took place in the degree of foreign ownership. In 1966 the army entered the ruling group. This group created an alliance with the bourgeoisie. The attitude towards the peasants varied. The number of wholly State-owned enterprises did not increase. However, the ruling group expanded its economic base by creating public/foreign joint ventures at the cost of a declining share of wholly foreign-owned firms. The ruling group also expanded its economic base through personal investment activities. The author concludes that, in Ghana, the ruling group is in the early stage of its evolution. It is still in the process of expanding its economic base and it secures the interests of very narrow strata of the population. Bibliogr.