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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The power and limits of the emergency State
Authors:Swilling, M.ISNI
Phillips, Mark
Periodical:Vierteljahres-Berichte: Probleme der internationalen Zusammenarbeit
Geographic term:South Africa
Subject:state of emergency
Abstract:This paper traces the changing structures and political strategies of the South African State in the post Soweto 1978 era. It charts the rise of a highly centralized and authoritarian presidential system as the State's response to the crisis of apartheid rule. The 'total strategy' which the P.W. Botha government pursued to counter what it perceived as a 'total onslaught' on apartheid is analysed and the reasons that caused this total strategy to collapse are explained. The strategy had been abandoned by the time of the declaration of a national state of emergency in June 1986, and it was replaced by a set of counter-revolutionary warfare policies coordinated by an overarching National Security Management System under the overall command of the Office of the State President. The local, regional and national structures of this management system and the three-pronged bottom-up strategy it pursued are analysed in detail. The paper ends with a brief assessment of the limits of this security management strategy. It concludes that in the absence of a constitutional resolution of the 'national question' mass resistance to the white State is guaranteed to continue. Notes, ref., sum. in German, p. 336, English, p. 340, and French, p. 344.