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Title:Struggles over land and crops in an irrigated rice scheme: The Gambia
Author:Carney, J.A.ISNI
Book title:Agriculture, women, and land: the African experience / ed. by Jean Davison. - Boulder, Col. [etc.]: Westview Press
Geographic term:Gambia
Subjects:agricultural projects
land law
Abstract:The Jahaly Pacharr irrigated rice project (started in 1984) sought to reverse the effects of previous Gambian irrigation schemes and award women - Gambia's traditional rice cultivators - irrigated land. This chapter analyses the impact of Jahaly Pacharr on improving rural women's access to and control of productive resources. The changes that took place in resource control during the first year of Jahaly Pacharr are discussed in terms of organization of production (specifically crop rights, labour obligations, and land access) and intrahousehold conficts over women's rights to own and use land. It was found that rather than spreading the benefits of irrigation farming to rural women, development of the project has greatly increased the power and accumulation possibilities of senior males. This has been achieved by reducing resource rights and access within the household on a gender and generational basis. In conclusion, the author raises several issues of bearing to theoretical and policy debates on gender equity goals in African rural development processes. Bibliogr., notes, ref.