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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Development plans and rural development strategies in Tanzania 1961-1981: a critical review
Author:Lwoga, C.M.F.
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subject:rural development
Abstract:This paper analyses Tanzania's postindependence development plans and assesses their impact on rural development. Special attention is paid to the Three Year Plan of 1962-1964, and the First and Second Five Year Plans of 1965-1969 and 1969/70-1973/74. The plans were full of contradictions. Instead of helping to restructure the economy in a different direction, from export-oriented cash crop production, the plans entrenched the inherited economic structure. Development planning emphasized cash crop production and import-substituting industrialization at the expense of food crop production. The improvement and transformation approaches did not lead to economic development or the transformation of peasant agriculture. As the State apparatus expanded, more revenue was required to meet its costs. Ujamaa was yet another strategy of rural development. But instead of being superior to the past strategies of rural development, it became a problem when it was turned into an end in itself. The awaited peasant agricultural transformation failed to materialize. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.