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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Zaire: a long and winding road to an uncertain recovery
Author:Ruys, M.ISNI
Periodical:Internationale spectator: tijdschrift voor internationale politiek
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:political stability
foreign policy
economic recession
Abstract:After 30 years of independence, and 25 years under the presidency of Marshall Mobutu Sese Seko, Zaire is a State without a properly functioning administrative apparatus and without an independent judiciary. Health care, education and the transport infrastructure have fallen into decay. The ruling classes live off the country like parasites. Responsibility for the debacle in Zaire is shared, however. Although Mobutu is said to be corrupt and extremely wealthy, he continues to enjoy the support of powerful Western allies, including America, while Western and Japanese financiers have made enormous profits from unproductive and economically insane investments. In the autumn of 1988, relations were broken off with Belgium, Zaire's favoured trading partner, but nine months later the old friendship was patched up, apparently stronger than ever. Nonetheless, the debt rescheduling arrangements agreed between the two countries have not seen the end of the Zairian crisis.