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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Twenty years of the Arusha Declaration: issues of equality in income distribution and opportunity
Author:Bukuku, E.S.
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
household income
income policy
Economics, Commerce
Arusha Declaration
income distribution
African socialism
Abstract:This paper examines the record on equality of income and opportunity during the twenty years of the Arusha Declaration in mainland Tanzania. The Arusha Declaration was adopted in 1967 by the then ruling party, the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), which advocated equality of income and opportunity. This paper first looks at the distributional goals of the Tanzanian government and the policy efforts to achieve these goals. Next it looks at empirical evidence of equal distribution with respect to household and regional incomes. It shows that inflation has undermined to a very large extent the government's income distribution policies and that the government's development policy tends to accentuate the inequitable distribution of income. Concerning regional distribution, it argues that it would lead to increased equality if the poorer regions would be subsidized by the richer regions or if expenditure on education and health would be increased in the disadvantaged regions. Ref.