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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Educational methods for the teaching of science and technology in Africa
Author:Sane, Ansoumama
Periodical:Educafrica: Bulletin of the Unesco Regional Office for Education in Africa
Geographic terms:Africa
Subjects:teaching methods
science education
Abstract:This article aims at determining to what extent the use of educational technologies could improve the teaching methods for science and technology in Africa. The need to create or develop a qualitatively scientific teaching method, adapted to each country's needs, has become an imperative in African countries. Efforts made in this direction were, in first instance, geared towards the goals and objectives of scientific education related to the society's needs. Science and technology education is a special field of observation, experimentation, imagination, creativity and action for both teachers and students. As a result, the underlying methodological orientations should be flexible and open. This can be facilitated by the use of facilities which technology puts at our disposal in the spirit of educational technology. In order to identify needs and choice of approaches, methods and teaching aids, the author uses the case of Senegal, where new structures called 'blocs scientifiques' (science blocks) have been created. Science blocks are academic institutions with laboratories and workshops specially designed for science and technology education. The basic goal of these institutions is to put science and technology concretely at the service of development. In conclusion, the author discusses problems in the fields of teaching equipment and teacher training and presents recommendations for improvement in these areas. Notes, ref.