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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The paradoxes of wildlife conservation in Africa
Author:Macgregor, J.
Periodical:Africa Insight
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:wildlife protection
wild animals
Abstract:The last few decades have seen a growing interest in the environmental problems of Africa, where human and animal life, soils and vegetation seem to be vulnerable as never before. The decline of Africa's wildlife is not only the result of wholesale destruction by poachers, but has as much to do with the competition for space between man and the animals. The beginnings of conservation in Africa date from the 1890s. In the early 20th century game reserves were first demarcated on a significant scale. Since the independence of most African States in the 1960s, the number of national parks and equivalent reserves gazetted has more than doubled. However, the development of game reserves and the clamp-down on hunting has not brought an end to the trade in animal products, particularly ivory. The recent view that conservation of wildlife vies directly with the need to provide food for a rapidly rising population - Africa's human population doubles every twenty years - brings with it that conservationists are now beginning to realize that so long as the great majority of local people are excluded from any tangible benefits of wildlife conservation, they cannot be expected to support the cause of conservation. Notes, ref.