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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A cost-effective industrial location policy
Author:Tomlinson, R.ISNI
Periodical:South African Journal of Economics
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:industrial location
regional planning
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1813-6982.1990.tb00929.x
Abstract:Regional planning, and with it industrial location policy, are in disarray. Over the last 30 years or so, regional policies, most especially growth-centre policies, have produced disappointing results. A central aspect to the criticism of regional planning efforts is the excessive focus on the attributes of a given location, and, frequently, the scant regard paid to structural changes within the (national and international) economy and the locational imperatives embodied therein. Referring to the situation in South Africa, this paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of industrial location policy. It has four parts: The first contains some thoughts on what one means by 'cost-effective'. The second includes a summary of the type of place attributes which are relevant to a successful industrial location policy. In the third, the incentives employed to affect industrial location are considered. Finally, the paper describes the views of some economists on industrial location, notably those of B. Bluestone and B. Harrison (1980), and D. Massey (1984). The conclusion is that the benefits lost as a result of a government's not interfering in industrial location are outweighed by gains in economic efficiency. Bibliogr., notes.