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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:R & D and the international competitiveness of the South African manufacturing sector
Author:Scerri, M.ISNI
Year:1990
Periodical:South African Journal of Economics
Volume:58
Issue:3
Pages:341-356
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:industry
competition
technology
Link:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1813-6982.1990.tb00945.x
Abstract:The emerging awareness of technology as a determinant of international trade patterns has gradually crystallized into two camps. The neo-factor proportions account of trade is basically an extension of the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson model, where access to technology is assumed to be costless. In the neo-technology account, on the other hand, access to new technology is explicitly addressed. Within models which belong to the neo-technology school research and development (R & D) expenditure or R & D intensity is often used as a proxy measure of the technology content of traded commodities. This article uses the R & D variable in an analysis of the sales performance of South African manufacturing industries for each of the four years 1977, 1979, 1981 and 1983. Since data on imported technology in South Africa is largely unavailable, the R & D variable is used in this article in the immediate sense as an indicator of domestic R & D activity and, tentatively, as a proxy for locally generated technology. App., bibliogr.
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