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Title:Contract farming and outgrower schemes in Swaziland: lessons from Vuvulane irrigated farms and Mphetseni pineapple settlement scheme
Authors:Boeren, Franneke C.C.M.ISNI
Sithole, Vincent MajoziISNI
Series:Research paper
City of publisher:Kwaluseni
Publisher:University of Swaziland, Social Science Research Unit
Geographic term:Swaziland - Eswatini
Subjects:agricultural projects
contract farming
Abstract:In Swaziland there is a shift towards contract farming as an alternative approach to rural development. This involves legal arrangements for farmers to produce and deliver an agricultural product to the buyer, who is obliged to purchase the product if it meets agreed upon specifications. Through this arrangement agricultural infrastructure will be improved and, with a market guarantee for the farmer's output, production for commercial purposes will increase, resulting in increased rural incomes. Contract farming schemes in Swaziland can be found in conjunction with all the different land tenure systems. This paper examines Vuvulane Irrigated Farms (VIF) and Mphetseni Pineapple Settlement Scheme, which fall under Tisuka and Title Deed Land respectively. The main crops, sugar cane (VIF) and pineapples, are produced for sale to Mhlume Sugar Mill and Swaziland Fruit Canners respectively. After the introduction, ch. 2 gives background information on Swaziland, particularly on land tenure, including schemes on Swazi Nation Land (SNL), Title Deed Land (TDL), Tibiyo/Tisuka Land and Crown/Government Land. Ch. 3 (methodology) is followed by ch. 4 on lease contracts. Ch. 5 presents historical information on both schemes and describes the contractual arrangements. Ch. 6 presents the participants' (government, buyers, farmers) objectives and expectations from contract farming. Ch. 7 and 8 present the results of the survey of the two schemes and an evaluation of performance. Ch. 9 considers the replicability of contract farming schemes elsewhere in Botswana.