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Book Book Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Namibian water resources and their management: a preliminary history: including excerpts from unpublished sources
Editors:Lau, BrigitteISNI
Stern, Christel
City of publisher:Windhoek
Publisher:National Archives of Namibia
Geographic term:Namibia
Subjects:water management
Abstract:This history of water resources in Namibia and their management is based on source materials in the National Archives of Namibia. There are chapters on rain and groundwater; dams; pumped water from boreholes; artesian water; fresh water won by desalination; perennial rivers; and other water management systems. The following periods are distinguished: the German colonial phase (1895-1915), the 'intermediate' phase (1915-1955), the Wipplinger and Stengel era (1955-1969), and the 'current' phase (1970-1989). Two of these phases were beneficial to the development of national water resources, namely the German and the Wipplinger/Stengel era, the other two were underdeveloping the country. The German colonial planners had water management ideas which today reappear in the most progressive Third World policy recommendations. Their attempt to develop a national self-sufficient settler economy focused almost entirely on water management for the irrigation of food crops and fodder, and stockwatering facilities. The bulk of these plans, however, were never implemented by the South African colonizers after 1915. After an interim period characterized by only minimal infrastructural input, O. Wipplinger and H.W. Stengel of the Department of Water Affairs attempted to build on schemes taken from the German colonial records. Many of their projects, however, were shelved because their approach was in conflict with South African policy which consisted of restructuring territorial water management to serve the mines and larger towns.