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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Kenya's environment and environmental management
Author:Darkoh, M.B.K.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
Subjects:environmental policy
Environment, Ecology
environmental management
environmental degradation
Semiarid zone
Abstract:The combination of unprecedented population growth and accelerating loss of land productivity to soil erosion and desertification is increasingly a threat to the long-term stability of Kenya. The rapid growth of human and animal populations in the arid and semiarid lands, together with modern influences, have disrupted traditional systems of land use, which were usually well adapted to the fragile ecosystems, causing great damage to them. To contain the problems of land degradation and desertification, emphasis is being placed on strengthening public participation in afforestation and soil and water conservation projects. Restrictions have been placed on tree clearing and charcoal making and support given to the 'Green Belt' tree planting campaign organized by local NGOs. Considerable attention is being given to research and an attempt is being made to slow the rate of population growth through family planning. Although the Kenyan government's environmental policies emphasize the fact that environmental considerations must be incorporated at the planning stage of development projects, there is often little follow-up observation of the impact of rural development projects. Consequently, well-meant development action is contributing to the worsening environmental and human condition. There are several Acts related to natural resources and resource management, but their enforcement has remained largely poor. It is essential that any further initiatives in environmental management are backed by real expressions of political will. Bibliogr., notes.