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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The development of the cooperative movement in Kenya since independence
Author:Zeleza, TiyambeISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
economic policy
Economics, Commerce
Cooperative movements
Economic disparity
Agricultural sector
Abstract:This paper is divided into four parts. First, it briefly discusses the development of cooperatives in Kenya during the colonial period. Second, it explains the factors behind the remarkable growth of cooperatives since independence, and examines the changes that have taken place in the organizational structure of the movement. Then it looks at the complex relationship between the State and the cooperative movement. It is argued that State intervention in the cooperative movement was not provoked solely by theinternal administrative problems of cooperatives, but that it also came about because the State saw the cooperative movement as an important tool of national development. Some of the problems that have bedevilled the cooperative movement may have sprung from the very fact of State intervention in cooperative affairs and extension of cooperative functions. Finally, the paper demonstrates that the cooperative movement has helped advance the process of African accumulation and indigenization of the Kenyan economy, particularly in the agricultural sector. However, while accumulation by the cooperative movement since independence has been impressive, the movement has not played a major role in eliminating economic differentiation socially or spatially. Instead, it has reinforced these differences. App., notes, ref.