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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The 1983-1984 drought in Kenya
Author:Shisanya, C.A.
Year:1990
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development
Volume:20
Pages:127-148
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
Subjects:rain
droughts
science and technology
meteorology
environmental degradation
Abstract:This paper examines the rainfall climatology of Kenya and assesses the severity of the 1983-1984 drought from a climatological point of view. Rainfall data for the period 1983-1984 are analysed and compared with that of other years. Data for all reporting meteorological stations in Kenya for the period 1951-1980 were available for this study. It is shown that the years 1983 and 1984 were drought years during which both annual and monthly rainfall in Kenya was inadequate for crop production. In terms of the extent of rainfall deficiencies, the drought of 1984 was the most severe, as several stations recorded their largest deficiencies. The growing seasons were disrupted due to failure of the rains. Large water deficits characterized the growing seasons as shown by the water balance diagrams presented in the article. The causes of the drought in Kenya can be put down to climatic variability and the continued disruption of the natural environment by man's activities. Bibliogr., sum.