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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Preferential Trade Area for Eastern and Southern African States and its East African Community heritage
Author:Okoth, P.G.
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:East Africa
Southern Africa
Subjects:common markets
East African Community
Abstract:This paper contends that the ultimate aim of the colonial regimes of East Africa and the postcolonial East African States was the creation of a Common Market and eventually an Economic Community for Eastern and Southern African States. This is what Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda strove to do for one and a half decades. This effort was, however, abandoned with the demise of the East African Community (EAC) in 1977. The paper examines the major factors that led to the serious contradictions and final collapse of the EAC. These factors can be summarized in terms of three interrelated subtopics: structural problems, social and economic problems, and the changing political scene in East Africa. In brief, the political will was lacking in the partner States to keep the EAC in existence. From the ruins of the EAC there emerged, in 1981, the Preferential Trade Area (PTA) for Eastern and Southern Africa. The author argues that the PTA was strongly influenced by the 1967 Treaty for East African Cooperation and suggests that the PTA has some important lessons to learn from the problematic experiences of the East African States under the EAC aegis - if it is to succeed where the EAC failed. A critique of the PTA shows that it still suffers from lack of commitment and enthusiasm on the part of member States. Notes, ref.