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Title:Education planning in a changing education system: the case of Botswana
Author:Nyati-Ramahobo, L.ISNI
Periodical:Genève-Afrique: acta africana
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:educational policy
educational reform
Abstract:After a decade of independence (1966-1976), Botswana's education system left much to be desired. Acknowledging the shortcomings of the inherited education policies, the government set up a commission to evaluate the entire education system. The commission's recommendations provided the basis for the subsequent formulation of education policies, which were presented in the government white paper no. 1 of 1977, entitled 'National policy on education'. As GDP increased, significant educational expansion took place, particularly in the 1980s. Education has been on top of the national budget for the past four years, enrolment has increased at all levels, examination results have improved, and more primary and community junior secondary schools have been built. Two USAID projects have contributed to these improvements, viz. the Primary Education Improvement Project, and the Junior Secondary Education Improvement Project. Through these projects, new teaching methods and strategies were introduced. Nevertheless, the implementation of the various programmes has not been without problems. In this connection, improvements have been introduced in teacher training, including on-the-job training in the proposed innovations. Bibliogr., notes.