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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Accommodating black miners: home-ownership on the mines
Author:Crush, J.ISNI
Periodical:South African Review - SARS
Geographic term:South Africa
workers' housing
Abstract:Although mining houses' plans for settling more labour in family accommodations on or near mine properties had been formulated already in the 1970s, progress in settling miners in family housing was very slow, partly due to government policy, which prohibited mines from settling more than 3 percent of their workforce on mine properties, partly due to the lack of action on the part of the mine-owners. During the 1980s, miners' housing and home ownership came to be viewed as potentially powerful social instruments in the process of industrial relations. By settling the majority of skilled and supervisory workers in owner-occupied family housing units, the mines hope to create a 'labour aristocracy' with interests very different from those of the mass of migrant workers. Mining houses are now exploring four separate options for housing delivery: new housing in established black townships; the construction of completely new townships around the mines; 'wage adjustment' with which employees can either buy company houses or make their own rental or home purchase arrangements; or reorienting labour recruiting away from the rural areas towards existing urban townships. The new housing schemes have involved little or no consultation with the National Union of Mineworkers (NAM). In 1987 and 1988, the NUM initiated its own research into housing. Notes, ref.