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Book chapter Book chapter Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Political adaptation: the case of the Wabarabaig in Hanang District, Tanzania
Author:Loiske, V.M.
Book title:Adaptive strategies in African arid lands
Geographic term:Tanzania
Abstract:In order to analyse the changing political adaptive strategies of the Wabarabaig, a seminomadic pastoralist people of the Northern Highlands of Tanzania, this paper examines the history of their society since precolonial times. The preindependence period was characterized by land loss for the Wabarabaig and agricultural expansion by the neighbouring sedentary Wairaqw and Wanyaturu, coupled with government support for 'progressive farmers'. The development of mechanized large-scale farming during the postindependence period intensified the process of land alienation among the Wabarabaig. Due to the reduction in grazing areas the poorest Wabarabaig started to adopt an agropastoral mode of production. The most striking example of State intervention in the lives of the Wabarabaig was the villagization process during the 1970s. A presentation of the political strategies used by the Wabarabaig shows that they are capable of changing their strategies when needed. A division is made into traditional strategies (assimilation, migration, cooperation between ethnic groups, cattle raiding, killings/murders, war) and modern strategies (participation in planning, negotiation, peaceful demonstrations, political involvement). Bibliogr.