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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Sudan and the national democratic revolution
Author:O'Neill, Norman
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Sudan
Northeast Africa
class relations
political economy
Classes and Class Struggle
political science
class struggle
Sudan People's Liberation Movement
External link:http://archive.lib.msu.edu/DMC/African%20Journals/pdfs/Utafiti/vol9no1/aejp009001005.pdf
Abstract:The class forces engaged in the current political struggle in Sudan assume all the characteristics of uneven and combined development, a process begun by British colonialism and continued under the Nimeiri regime. The resulting neocolonial ties and attendant class structure severely limit the political options open to whatever regime that forms the government and induce reliance on the military to maintain the political status quo. In the struggle for a national democratic revolution, the peasantry is far too heterogeneous to have a leading role. The salariat and other sections of the State bureaucracy will probably only commit themselves politically when they are certain of being on the winning side. Much the same applies to the petit bourgeoisie in industry and commerce. Its economic interests have become increasingly tied up with foreign capital and there is little scope for the emergence of 'progressive' elements within it. What remains is the relatively small, but politically significant class of industrial workers who, in combination with an alliance of poor tenants and the great mass of labourers from the south and west, form the only class basis for a successful democratic revolution. Following the overthrow of Nimeiri in 1985, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) has called for a national democratic revolution. What is clear is that the Sudanese left cannot afford to repeat the past mistake of searching among the commercial bourgeoisie for 'progressive fragments' with which to combine in the coming struggle for power. Notes, ref.