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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The co-operative movement and the crisis in Tanzania's rural economy
Author:Maghimbi, S.
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
rural economy
economic recession
rural development
Cooperative movements
Abstract:In the 1970s, the government of Tanzania made many institutional changes - ministries were changed, some were abolished, new ones were created. Both primary cooperatives and peasant unions were abolished in 1976. Two years earlier the government had started replacing the traditional marketing boards with crop authorities. The present author contends that these changes greatly contributed to the present crisis of agricultural production and the rural economy in Tanzania. After tracing the history of the cooperative movement from 1932 to 1976, the author analyses the parastatal crop authorities which replaced the cooperatives and describes the specifi economic and social tendencies of the crisis. The main problem with the crop authorities was that they were bureaucratic organizations set up to meet the interests of politicians. Due to their shaky management and financial position many failed to pay peasants on time, and sometimes they failed to pay at all. Their laissez-faire attitude led to poor service, inefficiency and loss. Consequences of the crisis in the rural economy were the decline and stagnation of agricultural production, the growth of rural poverty, migration to urban areas, and increasing intrarural differentiation. By 1980 it had become obvious that the then existing structure of marketing and supply inputs was a bottleneck to increased agricultural production and improvement of the rural economy. In 1984 the cooperative movement was reestablished. Notes, ref.