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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Food security and economic development in Tanzania: past problems and proposals for a new strategy
Author:Jones, J.V.S.
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
Subjects:food policy
Economics, Commerce
food security
economic development
agricultural production
Abstract:The principal constraint in achieving food security and the development of food resources to promote economic development in Tanzania is the organization of production and distribution. The organizational aspects of agricultural production, food marketing and distribution are central to the task of working out the best strategy for food storage and the most appropriate technologies for food preservation and processing, as well as making the best use of existing food industries. The author first examines the organizational aspects of agricultural production, looking at the attempt to establish socialist rural communities (ujamaa vijijini policy) and the reasons for its failure and discussing the question of whether the 'development villages' could form a new basis for ujamaa in the future. In order to investigate possible alternative approaches, it is necessary to take into account developments in other policy areas, such as the role of marketing cooperatives, decentralization, and the concept of integrated community development and its application. An outline of Tanzania's food technology policy since 1967 provides the context for reviewing the principal areas of food processing, storage and preservation, which include grain storage and grain milling, the preservation of leafy vegetables, roots and legumes, oil seed extraction, fruit storage and processing, dairy production, sugar manufacture, and meat and fish preservation. In conclusion, the author summarizes the current organizational situation and outlines policy options and proposals for a new strategy. Notes, ref.