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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Secular and Sacred at Chikuni: 1905-1940
Author:Carmody, Brendan P.
Periodical:Journal of Religion in Africa
Geographic term:Zambia
Catholic Church
Tonga (Zambia, Zimbabwe)
Religion and Witchcraft
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/1580802.pdf
Abstract:The Jesuit mission of Chikuni (Zambia), founded in 1905 by Fr. Moreau, can be seen as a harbinger of social change and modernity. At the beginning, material benefits constituted the main attraction to the mission. However, once someone had become part of the mission school, farm, or hospital, the day-to-day presence of the missionaries proved to be the main source of deeper commitment to the Christian way of life. The author argues that, while the local Tonga people were inspired by the example of the Chikuni missionaries, the Jesuits' secular activities and their life-styles created a paradoxical image in the minds of their converts. While the missionaries served as a beacon of modernity, yet they were profoundly committed to preserving elements of traditional Tonga life. This was accompanied by a strange attitude to material progress expressed through a Jesuit vow of poverty. Undoubtedly, the modern elements of the mission drew converts, but these were soon frustrated with the mission and successfully demanded still greater access to modernity. After 1926, Moreau embraced modernity more totally with the opening of the 'normal school', including the teaching of English as a core subject. Notes, ref.