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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Beyond Resistance and Collaboration: Amadu Bamba and the Murids of Senegal
Author:Robinson, David
Periodical:Journal of Religion in Africa
Geographic terms:Senegal
Muslim brotherhoods
biographies (form)
Religion and Witchcraft
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
About person:A.hmadu Bamba (ca1850-1927)
Abstract:The brotherhood, referring to a lineage of sheikhs or marabouts, a core of disciples, and a mass of followers engaged largely in peanut cultivation, was a phenomenon that began in Senegal at the turn of the 20th century. The most cohesive brotherhood was the Muridiyya, the most powerful family of marabouts were the Mbacké (a Muslim community in the Wolof region), and the most 'saintly' charisma belonged to Amadu Bamba Mbacké (c. 1850-1927). Senegalese Muslims construe Amadu Bamba as a saint, pedagogue, master poet, and hero of cultural resistance to French conquest and rule. Much of the image of resistance flows from several periods of exile which Bamba endured at the hands of the French between 1895 and 1912, prior to the time of most active cooperation between the brotherhood and the French colonial regime. France governed the peanut basin from 1920 to 1960 in conjunction with the Murid hierarchy in a kind of indirect rule. This article helps to explain the juxtaposition of the two so potentially contradictory images of collaboration and resistance by looking at Bamba's career, the period of his exile, and the period of cooperation between the brotherhood and the French administration. Notes, ref.