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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The construction and destruction of the economy of Ijaye, c. 1832-1862
Author:Falola, ToyinISNI
Periodical:Afrika und Übersee: Sprachen, Kulturen
Geographic term:Nigeria
Ijaye polity
traditional polities
Abstract:The Yoruba city-State of Ijaye was established c. 1832 after the fall of the Old Oyo empire (Nigeria). Originally an .Egba settlement, it was converted in the early 1830s to a war camp by .Oy.o refugees, and turned into a permanent settlement by Kurunmi. Ijaye established control over parts of Upper Ogun and its population increased with such rapidity that it was estimated at 100,000 in the 1850s. However, Ijaye was consumed by intense diplomacy and power rivalry with its neighbours, particularly Ab.eokuta, .Oy.o and Ibadan. It was destroyed by Ibadan in 1862. Focusing on the economic power base of Ijaye, this paper explores how a new city-State, created by war, constructed a new economy. It discusses the role of the political system in this process, particularly Kurunmi's dictatorship, and shows the devastating consequences of warfare, which culminated in the collapse of the economy and the eventual destruction of the State. Notes, ref.