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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:An Economic Analysis of Tanzania's Tax Performance Experiences Since the 1973 Tax Act
Author:Mtatifikolo, Fidelis P.
Periodical:Eastern Africa Economic Review
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
fiscal law
Economics and Trade
Economics, Commerce
Tax systems
Tanzania. Income Tax Act
Tax revenues
Abstract:This study concerns tax system performance in Tanzania for the period since the major tax reforms of 1973-1974, ending with the years 1984-1985. It reveals that over the period there has been a clear shift towards reliance on taxes and tax practices that are regressive in nature; that tax concentration has risen to dangerous levels; and that tax evasion is high in the business and informal sectors while overtaxation of the wage earning group is evident and serious. This contrasts with studies done in the mid-1970s dealing with experiences for the period of the early 1960s to the mid-1970s where overall progressivity and tax equity were confirmed. Tax elasticities and tax buoyancies are computed and examined. It is concluded that improvements in the tax system for revenue and income policy purposes lie in measures that reform the tax structure and enhance tax bases. Bibliogr., notes, ref.