Go to AfricaBib home

Go to AfricaBib home AfricaBib Go to database home

bibliographic database
Previous page New search

The free AfricaBib App for Android is available here

Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Opportunities for reducing petroleum imports for transportation
Author:Rutabanzibwa, P.
Periodical:Tanzanian Economic Trends
Geographic term:Tanzania
road transport
hydrocarbon policy
Abstract:The transport sector is the largest end user of petroleum in Tanzania, accounting for half of all petroleum consumption. Petroleum conservation measures introduced by the government in the transport sector have to date had only limited success. Before more effective policies can be formulated - by increasing end use efficiency rather than by merely curtailing supplies - it is necessary first to identify the important factors that affect fuel consumption in transport operations and understand their interrelationships. This paper explores these factors and identifies a number of opportunities for reducing the consumption of imported petroleum in Tanzania's transport sector. After reviewing relevant aspects of transport in Tanzania - its importance to the economy, the physical infrastructure, policies and institutions, traffic flows and fuel consumption patterns - and examining the main issues pertaining to these aspects from the perspective of petroleum use, the author discusses the areas identified from the literature as providing possible opportunities for reducing the consumption of petroleum in transport operations. These relate to planning, management and coordination, infrastructure, mode changes, vehicle size, engines and maintenance, energy substitution, taxation and regulation. Relevant national policies and projects are also outlined. Bibliogr.