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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Impact of adjustment policies on small scale enterprise sector
Author:Bagachwa, M.S.D.ISNI
Periodical:Tanzanian Economic Trends
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:small enterprises
economic policy
Abstract:After providing an overview of recent economic developments in Tanzania, describing economic performance since the 1960s and detailing reforms relating to trade and agriculture and monetary and credit policy since the mid-1980s, the author examines government strategy towards the development of small enterprises and assesses the impact of government policy on the development of the small-scale enterprise sector. Attention is paid to the Small Industries Development Organization (SIDO), established in 1973, and its role in providing basic infrastructural facilities, financial support and extension services to small-scale enterprises, assisting in the transfer of technology, and developing and providing training programmes. Up to the mid-1980s, Tanzania's overall development strategy adversely affected the environment in which small-scale and microenterprises operated. Macropolicy measures relating to credit, government intervention in the foreign trade regime, licensing and registration laws, legislation on standards, and taxation practices all tended to discriminate against small-scale enterprises. Recent structural reforms, and the implementation of the Economic Recovery Programme (ERP) in 1986 have reversed some elements in these biases, although the medium and long-term effects on small-scale enterprises are not yet clear. Bibliogr., notes, ref.