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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Reformism, Revisionism and Radicalism in African Political Economy during the 1990s
Author:Shaw, Timothy M.ISNI
Year:1991
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Volume:29
Issue:2
Period:June
Pages:191-212
Language:English
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:political change
political economy
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/161020
Abstract:African States and studies are in a profound period of revisionism as the 'lost decade' of the 1980s yields to the 'adjustment reforms' of the 1990s. The new contexts confronting academic analysts and policymakers alike mean that established explanations and prescriptions are no longer valid. In particular, the orthodox paradigm of modernization and the orthodox policy of one-party State control are in the process of being superseded by 1) more radical approaches which treat gender, ecology, culture, and informal sectors, as well as constitutions, organizations, classes, and formal sectors; and 2) more pragmatic ideologies which advance agriculture, innovation, and accumulation rather than industry, conformity, and consumption. At the start of the 1990s, analysis of Africa's political economy is characterized by a mix of pessimism and optimism, in which a selective mixture of modernization and materialist explanations and prescriptions is being sought. The revisionism in analysis which the practice of reformism in Africa has caused may yet lead towards radical forms of praxis. This is particularly so because the adjustment project is now situated in a global political economy in a state of flux. Ref.
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