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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The influence of the October Revolution in Russia on Africa and the policy of British colonialism
Author:Letnev, A.B.
Periodical:African Studies in the Soviet Union: Yearbook
Geographic terms:Africa
Great Britain
colonial territories
colonial administration
national liberation movements
Abstract:On the basis of earlier published works, and documents from the British Public Record Office, including the War Cabinet Records and the Colonial Office Papers, the author describes the influence of the October 1917 Russian revolution and socialist ideas on British colonies in sub-Saharan Africa. While African interest in the ideas and accomplishments of the October 1917 revolution and the socialist community as a whole grew, the British colonial (and after 1960 neocolonial) rulers mounted an aggressive campaign against the spread of the ideas of scientific socialism in Africa. Their methods included spying on dissidents in the colonies and democratically-minded sympathizers in the mother country, preventing communists from establishing contact with radical nationalists in the colonies, and banning the importation of progressive literature into the colonies. New methods were developed by the colonial authorities with the emergence of new trends in the national liberation movement. Britain also sought to coordinate its anticommunist activities with other European colonial powers and, following the Second World War, when the anti-imperialist wave grew in strength, with the United States. Ref.