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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Social dimensions of adjustment' and the problem of poverty in Africa
Author:Gibbon, P.
Periodical:Nytt från Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
Geographic terms:Africa
Subjects:World Bank
economic policy
Abstract:Since 1987-1988 the World Bank, together with other donors, has been developing a programme of activities known as the 'social dimensions of adjustment' (SDA). This paper situates SDA against the historical background of the Bank's involvement with poverty since the 1970s, including the poverty initiatives of the McNamara period and later struggles around 'adjustment with a human face'. It then looks critically at the three main components of SDA, viz. comprehensive data gathering on vulnerable groups, poverty alleviation through social action programmes, and integrated social and economic adjustment programmes. One recent 'integrated' social and economic adjustment programme - Zimbabwe's 'Framework for Economic Reform, 1991-1995' - is looked at in particular. Finally, the paper examines some recent contributions to the 'alternative' poverty agenda in Africa, notably the Oxfam approach and the approach represented by the work of Alan Fowler. Bibliogr., notes, ref.