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Book chapter Book chapter Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Development programmes in non-irrigated rainland areas
Author:Davies, H.R.J.ISNI
Book title:The Agriculture of the Sudan
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:agricultural projects
agricultural policy
Abstract:In the Sudan 80 percent of the population depend on agriculture and related activities for their subsistence. However, large areas of the country are without easy access to water. Faced with a number of problems with respect to the agricultural sector, such as fears about Sudan's ability to feed itself, rapid population and livestock growth, recurring periods of drought, and political disturbances in the south, government policy for such lands has been concerned with the mechanization of agriculture, the modernization of traditional agriculture, the provision of rural water supplies, and the reorganization of the livestock industry with nomad settlement. Although mechanized farming has made a major contribution to Sudan's self-sufficiency in sorghum and has contributed modestly to cash crop production, the price for this success has been the destruction of vast areas of savanna woodland and the exhaustion of soils. Little has been done to modernize traditional agriculture. The various attempts made by the government to associate the local peasant farmer with mechanized agriculture have had little success. The creation of more water supply points has led to serious land degradation. To reach a better balance between land, animals and annual offtake of animals, the government has promoted two policies: the development of large ranches, and the settlement of nomads. In the south, recent unrest has resulted in major setbacks to development. Bibliogr.