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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Towards an internationalisation of the Zambezi River regime: the role of international law in the common management of an international watercourse
Author:Maluwa, TiyanjanaISNI
Periodical:The Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa
Geographic term:Southern Africa
Subjects:international agreements
Abstract:This article first reviews the regulation and utilization of international watercourses under general international law (the problem of definition and approach, the basic theories of international drainage basin rights, and prior appropriation and existing uses). Then it describes the multilateral development of drainage basins and the coordinated regulation and utilization of their resources which necessitates the process of internationalization. The UN and its agencies, in particular the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), have played an important role in this internationalization process. In the case of the Zambezi basin, the initiative by UNEP resulted in the adoption, in Harare, Zimbabwe, of the Agreement on the Action Plan for the Environmentally Sound Management of the Common Zambezi River System on 28 May 1987. This agreement may be regarded as a precursor to the treaty proposed at the end of this article: a draft Convention on the Common Utilization and Management of the Resources of the Zambezi Drainage Basin. Notes, ref.