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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The role of the missions in art education in South Africa
Authors:Rankin, Elizabeth
Miles, Elza
Periodical:Africa Insight
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:art education
Christian education
Abstract:The increasing attention being paid to the contribution of black artists to art history in South Africa raises questions about the educational opportunities available to them, particularly prior to the 1970s. This article draws attention to the contribution of mission schools to art education for blacks. Catholic and Anglican mission schools encouraged art education and production because the missions needed religious images and carved church furniture. The Diocesan Teachers Training College at the Anglican mission of Grace Dieu, founded in 1906 near Pietersburg in the Transvaal, was unique in its early establishment of a carving school. Father Edwin Kinch built a chapel for the Mission of the Good Shepherd at Hlabisa, KwaZulu, in 1959 to afford the artist Bernard Gcwensa (1918-1985) the fullest opportunity to exercise his talents. Mariannhill Mission in Natal, founded in 1882, was the centre of a well-established tradition of fine architecture and the production of religious imagery. Missions of a Protestant origin also played a role in the development of art, notably the Wesleyan mission school at Ndaleni, Ndaleni Training College, near Richmond in Natal, and the Evangelical Lutheran Art and Craft Centre at Rorke's Drift, also in Natal. Notes, ref.