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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A test case of folk-etymology among the Ijs - Yoruba
Author:Ilesanmi, T.M.
Periodical:Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere: Schriftenreihe des Klner Instituts fr Afrikanistik
Geographic term:Nigeria
ethnic groups
historical sources
Abstract:The Ijs ethnic group in Yorubaland consists of the Obkun, Atkm'.os and Il.s local government councils of Oyo State of Nigeria. This paper examines the origin of the Ijs by assessing the history and/or pseudohistory of the origin of the community. The author traces the elements of folk etymology in virtually all the narratives given by various historians and oral artists. It is evident from the accounts of the origin of the Ijs compiled by some Ijs 'historians' that the Ijs community cannot be traced to a single or common origin. These historians have failed to substantiate their statements with quotations from any of the oral poetic genres that abound all over Yorubaland. Thus, the author critically examines the genres concerning the origin of the Ijs from age to age and from different ethnic groups, paying particular attention to .Es.e If and Iw. The heterogeneity of the Ijs at a very early period of their establishment at Il.s and in Ijs-land as a whole has been elucidated in some of the oral genres. Originally, the Ijs could be regarded as a heterogeneous community kept under the banner of .Ow Obkun by sheer use of military and political prowess. But as more people fled their original abode to seek refuge in Ijs-land, common interests prevailed over cultural sentiment and a new outlook on culture which facilitated mixed acculturation superseded the previous heterogeneity. App., bibliogr., notes, ref.