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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Africa in the 1990s: beyond continental crises to sustainable development: structural adjustment, civil society and non-governmental organizations
Author:Shaw, T.M.ISNI
Periodical:African Development Perspectives Yearbook
Geographic term:Africa
economic development
economic policy
Abstract:Against the background of the African crises of the 1980s, the author looks at the innovative responses on the part of African communities and examines the expanded roles and responsibilities of internal and external NGOs or private grassroots voluntary organizations given shrinking State resources. Structural adjustment conditionalities and impacts constitute a fundamental dilemma for such development organizations: will they respond to growing demands for their services and resources brought about by reduced State expenditures by increasing their activities or by declining to fill any gaps because that would serve to support adjustment? In conclusion, the author suggests four possible scenarios for Africa by the year 2000 given current opportunities and constraints. These range from both increased marginality and poverty to enhanced self-reliance and self-realization. Bibliogr.