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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Role of Archaeology in Development: The Case of Tanzania
Author:Mapunda, Bertram B.B.
Periodical:Transafrican Journal of History
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Tanzania
East Africa
Development and Technology
Anthropology and Archaeology
Anthropology, Folklore, Culture
Development potential
Economic and social development
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24520301
Abstract:Until the early 1960s, archaeology was considered to be a neutral academic discipline - free from political, cultural and philosophical influence and impact. For this reason, the assessment of its achievements was based largely on epistemological criteria. In the last decades this view has changed, and the question of archaeology's applicability to the day-to-day lives of people has received greater emphasis, and the role of archaeology in development has become an important theme in the discipline. Archaeology has great potential from a developmental point of view. It can contribute much to academic advance, economic growth, sociocultural development, and political awareness and reform. Tanzania has a wide range of evidence for the biological evolution of humans and it could gain much from the expansion of archaeological research. What can be done to develop this potential? Several suggestions are presented, including public education and involvement in archaeology, central planning of archaeological research, financial self-reliance for archaeology, the creation of archaeological associations, and reform of the trade in cultural materials. Bibliogr.