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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Aspects of Religious Syncretism in Southern Ethiopia
Author:Braukämper, Ulrich
Year:1992
Periodical:Journal of Religion in Africa
Volume:22
Issue:3
Period:August
Pages:194-207
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:Christianity
syncretism
Islam
African religions
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/1580916.pdf
Abstract:The Horn of Africa is one of the oldest regions of dissemination of the world religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Whereas native religions have no ambition to expand their numbers by proselytism, one of the characteristics of the world religions is that they develop missionary practices which aim at converting those who adhere to other beliefs. But if the cultural contacts between groups of people with different religions are not sufficiently intensive, they can also lead to the development of religious syncretism. In southern Ethiopia, Christianity and Islam became widespread in early times, only to be then repressed for centuries. The increasing isolation from the centres of Christianity and Islam led to a resurgence of native religions and the development of syncretic forms. This process is illustrated with an account of religious development among the Kambata in central southern Ethiopia, where re-Christianization commenced around 1900. As for Islam, attention is paid to the Fandano religion of the Hadiya, which has very dominant Islamic traits. A third group of native religions can be distinguished in which survivals of both world religions have persisted. In conclusion, a comparative analysis is made of the syncretic manifestations in southern Ethiopia among the West and East Gurage, the Kambata, the Kaffa, the Hadiya, the Hadiya clans of the Oromo, and the Sidama. Ref.
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