Go to AfricaBib home

Go to AfricaBib home AfricaBib Go to database home

bibliographic database
Previous page New search

The free AfricaBib App for Android is available here

Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Fatally Flawed Mediation: Cordier and the Congo Crisis of 1960
Author:Collins, Carole J.L.
Periodical:Africa Today
Period:3rd Quarter
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:political conditions
political stability
Politics and Government
Abstract:This paper examines the 1960 UN Operation in the Congo (present-day Zaire) - often known by its French acronym, ONUC - as a case study of UN crisis intervention and mediation, in what was then its largest peacekeeping operation ever. The paper focuses on A.W. Cordier who, as personal secretary to Dag Hammarskj÷ld, the UN Secretary-General, played an important role throughout the Congo crisis, as well as a critical and highly controversial role in several key ONUC actions. Cordier's actions put in train a fateful series of events which culminated in the murder of the Congo's first democratically elected prime minister, P. Lumumba, effectively aborting its transition to democracy. His actions also contributed directly to the eventual rise to power of J.D. Mobutu. The period under consideration, from July 1960 to February 1961, began with international consensus on the need for the UN to intervene in the Congo to maintain peace. It ended 7 months later, the consensus shattered, with East and West locked in a diplomatic confrontation that seriously threatened the UN's viability. The pivotal moment of decisionmaking was in early September 1960, when the UN had to decide how to act when faced with a constitutional crisis created by a confrontation between the Congo's president, J. Kasavubu, and its prime minister, P. Lumumba. Notes, ref.