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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Azikiwe and the National Church of Nigeria and the Cameroons: A Case Study of the Political Use of Religion in African Nationalism
Author:Furlong, Patrick J.
Periodical:African affairs: the journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:African Independent Churches
Religion and Witchcraft
Abstract:The emergence of a mass nationalist movement in Nigeria, especially in the south, is often associated with Nnamdi Azikiwe, the American-educated press baron, businessman and politician, and the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons, founded by him and Herbert Macaulay in 1944. Less often remembered is not only the notable link between religious rhetoric and nationalism among Azikiwe's supporters and in his oratory, but also the institutionalized form this took in the now half-forgotten National Church of Nigeria and the Cameroons, which was founded in 1948. This article examines the National Church and its relationship to Aziwike and his political movement as a case study of the relationship between religion and emergent African nationalism. It pays attention to the origins and characteristics of the Church, its limitations, ethnic and class diversity within the Church, the National Church and the Zikist movement, Azikiwe's attitude to the Church, and the issue of political church versus civil religion. Notes, ref.