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Dissertation / thesis Dissertation / thesis Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Territory, pastoralists, and livestock: resource control among the Kisongo Maasai
Author:Ndagala, Daniel Kyaruzi
Series:Uppsala studies in cultural anthropology (ISSN 0348-5099)
City of publisher:Stockholm
Publisher:Almqvist & Wiksell
Geographic term:Tanzania
labour force
customary law
land law
animal husbandry
dissertations (form)
Abstract:This study examines how pastoral resources are controlled among the Kisongo Maasai of Tanzania in order to understand the basis of the notions of 'egalitarianism' and 'independence from the outside world'. The resources dealt with are territory, livestock and labour, which constitute the major means of pastoral subsistence. Milk, the major pastoral subsistence product, is also given attention in relation to the control of livestock. Due to the inclusive nature of rights in resources in pastoral societies, this study makes a distinction between control and ownership in order to comprehend the complex proprietary relationships which exist between members of the different social units among the Kisongo Maasai. The Maasai age-grade system and the sexual division of labour are examined to establish the way in which they regulate access to and control of the resources in question. Using archival sources and fieldwork material collected during 31 months of fieldwork between 1974 and 1986, the author discusses the changes which have been taking place in Maasailand both in time and space.