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Title:Pastoralism in Wadi Allaqi region, Egypt: an economy under pressure
Author:Briggs, J.
Book title:Pastoral economies in Africa and long-term responses to drought
Geographic term:Egypt
Subjects:rural development
Abstract:This paper is an interim report on a piece of research currently being conducted in the extreme south of Egypt, around the area of Wadi Allaqi. The project has been under way for 12 months now and has another 30 months to run. The Allaqi project is concerned with the broad theme of agroecological development potentials in arid environments influenced by groundwater infiltration. The project has been subdivided into four key parts. This paper is concerned with one of these, namely socioeconomic change. One of the main objectives of the Allaqi project is to produce a development plan which attempts to guard against both the ecological pressures and uncontrolled socioeconomic changes which may destroy both the ecology of Wadi Allaqi and the livelihood patterns of Allaqi residents. It is against the background of a largely pastoral economy, operating with a large degree of balance and ecological understanding, that 3 sets of changes over the last 10-15 years must be seen. These changes, in turn, have resulted in modifications in the socioeconomic system of the Allaqi region. These sets of changes are lake inundation, the discovery and exploitation of marble and granite, and provincial and national development pressures.